Seize Back Sovereignty Village - Part 1

The history has proven that the village has always been the foundation of every a crisis occurs, both the economic crisis, monetary and even political crisis as it happened at the end of the Orde Baru in 1997, and in 2008 when the crisis hit the world, food and energy crises, the village is everything; as food producers, alternative energy, natural resource providers, even the best providers of social capital.

As reflected in its name "Qaryah" = village, Thayyibah Qaryah Organization feel important to build political power at the village level. In the calculations politics to this day, village is the most possible space for farmers to fight. In the realm of the village, political spaces can be captured, controlled and led. From the village, farmers build up the strength to raise a larger force. Efforts to build the political power of the village reached by way of encouraging the creation of village level through regulatory policies villages ( Perdes ) in favor of the farmers and rural communities as well as encourage cadres farmer to enter the halls of leadership in the village.

Since its establishment in 1999, SPPQT have to make efforts to strengthen farmer organizations, agro-ecological, economic institution-building of farmers and political awareness. overall program is intended to strengthen the rural farming communities. General Meeting of Members States ( RUAS ) in May 2012 as the fourth highest decision making forum of the organization, concludes that what has been done during the twelve ( 12 ) years is not enough to make the village as a force to empower farmers and rural communities in general. Reflection RUAS 4th, realize that sovereignty village still far from complete, and launched the movement was an important themes," the village is Strength , From Village Farmers Powered ".

The theme becomes relevant when the sovereignty of the village has been promoted by all parties. but in fact a lot of external factors that cause marginalized village sovereignty. In fact , history has proven that the village has always been the foundation of every time a crisis occurs, both the economic crisis, monetary and even political crisis as it happened at the end of the Orde Baru in 1997, and in 2008 when the crisis hit the world, food and energy crises, the village is everything; as food producers, alternative energy, natural resource providers, even the best providers of social capital .

Focus issues to be addressed

The village is a farmer living space. all village resources need to be optimized and utilized for the lives and livelihoods of farmers and rural communities in general, but in reality, not much change in the lives of farmers, there are several contributing factors;

1. The village was not free to manage its natural resources, because of the awareness of the villagers/village government still considers the district/province is entitled to set.

2. District and Provincial perform feodalism power politics, which provide a variety of local regulations and or SK Bupati (equal Mayor)/Governor who actually constrict the smallest power of the state, the Village. All components of the villagers eventually always depends on the district/province. 

3. Foreign investment/from outside of the villagers do not always go through the village government, but more inclined to negotiate with the local government/administration, consequently did not involve the exploitation of rural resources to control and access their resources.

All three of these factors; lack of awareness of the political and legal residents of the village, which is still attached to the power of feudalism in the county/province, and the greed of investors, causing a variety of problems that must be faced directly by rural residents;

1. Determining the village boundaries are clearly stated in the well should contained in Perdes. 

2. Giving legal awareness and political rights of citizenship to all people of the village ( Stakeholder Forum; Village Head, BPD, farmer groups, women's groups, youth groups, traditional figure/Religion, etc. ).

3. Mapping of potential and wealth of the village, on the resources owned ( Participation Rural Appraisal approach ) so be aware if without external assistance, capable of independent village.

If this can be realized then; District Government, Provincial Government, and the investor will respect the process of exploration and exploitation of resources based on the rules of the village. From this will resolve the issue:

1. The independence of the management of natural resources owned by the village. 

2. Creativity emerging always based on the resources they have. 

3. Sovereignty over the village of excessive resource exploitation outside by itself reduce environmental damage . 

4. And, ultimately diminishing poverty, social solidarity will grow simultaneously.


*original text: https://www.facebook.com/notes/ruth-murtiasih-subodro/merebut-kembali-kedaulatan-desa-bagian-1/10152519604467879
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